E.M.D.R. or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing is designed to decrease the emotional intensity, duration, and frequency of symptoms associated with past traumatic or intense life events (Desensitization). To use a metaphor, trauma causes past memories to get “tangle-up” with disturbing emotions and body sensations that were first experienced during the actual event. Each time the memory is re-triggered, so are those old thoughts and feelings, almost like reliving the disturbing memory repeatedly. EMDR “de-tangles” the memories from the emotions then stores each component in the brain, independent of the other. When the memories are untangled from the intense emotions, the individual is better able to remember past events with more openness and subjectivity. With new found clarity, negative core beliefs and underlying shame can be replaced with more healthy and realistic self-messages (Reprocessing). Some examples of reprocessed positive core-beliefs are; It wasn’t my fault; I did the best I could with what I had; I am worthy of happiness; I am safe now; etc. The human mind is prone to running “clean and efficient” without the presence of neurological "tangles". After all, electricity will always follow the path of least resistance. For this reason, the client intuitively seems to direct the EMDR path of healing. EMDR was originally used for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, a type of anxiety disorder. Over time, research has proven these techniques to be highly effective with other conditions such as generalized anxiety, phobias, adoption, depression, and obsessive compulsive thinking. Newer research is discovering tremendous results with chemical dependency populations, reducing cravings and urges associated with addiction.